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British Section of the International Workers Association 

History shows us that every time there's 
a' slump' (the in word today is recession) 
that the 'Employing Class' does two things. 
One; It takes its profits and invests them in 
any part of the World except their own count- 
ry wherein those profits will make more money. 
Two: It uses this period of economic stagnat- 
ion to weaken the strength of the organised 
'Working Class' . It is a case of no holds 
barred for the Capitalist at times like 
these . 

Through Parliamentary pressure groups 
(both Labour and Conservative) they try to 
bring in repressive anti-working class legis- 
lation, Incomes Policies etc. but fight like 
hell against any attempt to cut back distrib- 
ution of profits and dividends. At one and 
the same time Employers will invite Govern- 
ment Loans, and try to cut the work-force. 
The 'fortunate' workers who are still left 
in employment are of course expected to bring 
out the same production, if not more/ 

This policy of using the strength of the 
Establishment against the entire working 
class is reinforced at shop floor level by 
an all out attack on militant sections or 
individual militants of the work force. 

Both these forms of action can be seen to 
be operating at the moment. Heaths Governm- 
ent had no difficulty in finding a Judge to 
send the 'Shrewsbury Two* down to a stiff 
and undeserved sentence. The right wing of 
the Labour Party just as easily squashed an 
attempt by left Labour members to have the 
unjust conviction debated in Parliament. 

The Trades Union leadership has both eyes 
firmly fixed on the Company Directorships 
which it expects to be theirs in the near 
future as their reward for curbing the rank 
and file union membership. Under the propos- 
ed Worker participation Bill, Workers 
Directors would be drawn from the ranks of 
Union officials. One more boss whose main 
task would be to discipline the workers for 


the Employers. They will have a vested inter- 
est in maintaining a docile membership. Some 
Unions are already restructuring their organ- 
isation to this end, One method is to make 
an agreement with the Employers to deduct 
Union contributions from wages which if the 
practice becomes universal will mean that 
Branch attendance will fall away to the ext- 
ent where they can be abolished and thus 
remove what little control the rank and file 
has over the paid officials. 



Top officials at the Treasury are doing 
their utmost to sabotage the Worker Co-opera- 
tive movement. Whilst British Leyland has no 
difficulty in obtaining the money granted to 
them. The Meriden Motorcycle Co-operative has 
had their Export Credit Guarantee held up 
while the Treasury obtain an up to date viab- 
ilty report. If the go ahead is not given 
soon the present agreement between Villiers, 
the Unions concerned and the motorcycle work- 
ers might well fall through. 

At the Kirkby Co-operative the Government 
cash is paid in quarterley instalments subject 
to Government vetting. Pressure is already 
being put on the Workers management to create 
another hundred redundancies. The workforce 
has already dropped from the original 1,200 
to 850 employed at present. 



For Syndicalists Ulster has become a 
tradgedy. It is a tradgedy in the political, 
economic, social sense but most of all, in 
the loss of human lives. The bombings and 
shootings of the sectarian divide are really 
only a power game of those who pose as the 
defenders and champions of the religious 
communities. But have these self-styled lead- 
ers any real support from the people of their 
respective communities? At this late stage it 
seems very unlikely. What the mass of people 
really crave for is an end to the killings. 

We are informed by most left wing group- 
ings that the struggles taking place in 
Ulster are anti -imperialist . That the "Brits" 
have to be kicked out and the six counties 
become one with the rest of Eire. While this 
maybe the nationalist dream of many in the 
past, the political, the economic and even 
the religious changes that have taken place 
make this assumption a very doubtful one. 
What the catholics of Ulster want is an end 
to the discrimination practised against them 
by the succesive protestant administrations. 
Catholics were second class citizens when it 
came to housing and jobs. While some may have 
had a nationalist and religious yearning to 
join catholic Eire, really it was the discr- 
imination practiced against them that they 
abhored. Anyway, why would anyone in their 
right senses, want to join a nation state 
which had itself failed to solve its own 
economic problems and who's main export had 
been for years its labour force. Even cathol- 
ics ape reluctant to leave behind the econom- 
ic benefits of Ulster rather than have the 
lack of discrimination but the possible 
poverty of the Papal state of Eire. 

The same applies to the protestant members 
of the community. Why should they have to 
become a part of Eire? But the violence of 
the I.R.A. and the U.V.F. has driven a wedge 
between the two communities. Both of these 
organisations have thrived on the death and 
destruction they have caused. 

What the catholics needed was not death 
and destruction, but civil rights. It was the 
starting of this campaign which really had a 
good chance of success. It did not divide the 
communities but tried, with some success to 
bring together all who were discriminated 
against, the working class of Ulster. For the 
protestant worker his only consolation was 
that he was marginally better off than his 
catholic counterpart. But while this might 
have been so, Ulster has for years suffered 
under the discrimination meted out by gover- 
nments at Westminster. Ulster has always been 
one of the worst areas of the United Kingdom 
for unemployment. So while the working class 
oi 'Jlster were religiously divided, the 
employers and the politicians had it all 
their own way. The violence of the bigots 
were concerned with outdated political form- 

ulas than with improving the social and 
economic position of the people of Ulster. 
Whether the struggle will return to the grass 
roots, with people taking an active part 
remains to be seen. But the bullet and bomb 
battle will not give power to the people. 
It will mean yet another solution of leaders 
with both the religious and political scound- 
rels scrambling to power. That will be an 
imposed solution under which the exploitation 
of the working class will continue. 



We are always hearing in the Tory press 
and on the television that workers wage dem- 
ands are responsible for inflation "Sometim- 
es one would think that Britain is the only 
country in the world to suffer from this 
economic disease. 

Let's look at one country abroard which has 
suffered massive inflation, Uruguay. The 
military took power 18 months ago. Last year 
was disastrous for the Uruguayan economy, the 
prospects for this year look no better. The 
trade deficit was 120 million dollars, an 
increase of 80% over 1973. Inflation was runn- 
ing at 100% last year, while wages rose by 
40%. The commercial activity of the country is 
at a very low level, due to the cut in purch- 
asing power. Workers wages now bearly cover 
food and rent. 

Unemployment has rocketed, emigration has 
soared. It is estimated that up to 500,000 
have left during the last few years. Many of 
these are the skilled workers and technicians 

All this has taken place in a country were 
the Labour Movement has been smashed. There 
are over 4,000 political prisoners in the 
jails. The army can crush the left, but can't 
stop inflation. 

The lessons we can draw from this situation 
are obvious. Unions and wage demands do not 
cause inflation. In fact, wage demands are an 
effect of inflation. 

This is something we should remember when 
we hear the muttering of the privileged, and 
the usual right-wing talk of the unions ruin- 
ing the economy. The army may be able to make 
the railways run on time but they can't beat 
inflation, even if they forcibly suppress the 
unions and make thousands unemployed 


At a meeting held at Jubillee Hall, 
Dukinfield on the 4th. Feb. 250 Workers from 
the refuse departments of the newly created 
Tameside Metropolitan Borough Nr. Manchester 
turned down a works study scheme. 

The scheme was incorporated into a plan 
to merge the old municipal departments and 
create a common wage structure. 

The meeting was at first rigged to intimi- 
date workers, anyone wishing to question the 
management, after they have put their case, 
had first to quote their name and dept. This 
was later dropped after prostest. 

It was them the turn of the local officials 
of the G.M.W.U. and as they usually work hand 
in glove with the local Labour councillors, 
they seemed if anything, more in favour of' 
the scheme than the management. They first 
tried to bludgeon workers into accepting the 
scheme by threatening the dire consequences. 

As the meeting progressed and the officials 
sensed the mood of the meeting was against 
them they tried to stall on the vote but the 
workers were adamant and the vote was carried 
249 for and 1 against. 

The reason for work study is to increase 
efficiency so as to cut costs. 

But the main cost in emptying bins is man- 
power and, as refuse workers can't increase 
production i.e. there is only a fixed amount 
of bins to empty, that leaves only one 
alternative, redundancy . 

Everyone knows bin men knock off early if 
they really rush through their round. The 
task of work study is to keep them rushing 
through their rounds but no knocking of early, 
sack the surplus labour and bribe the rest 
off with a bit of extra bonus. The bonus 
would probably be lost to inflation in a year 
or so, but the Friday afternoon off, gone 

Now if we look in the gutter press we 
sometimes read of a tory hacks writing 'its 
time we put these unemployed louts to work 
cleaning up the city'. 

As someone once said, "you can fool some 
of the people some of the time" 


BLACK FLAG Organ of the Anarchist 
Black Cross. 13p. for a sample copy from : 
83a Haverstock Hill, London N.W.3. 

WILDCAT published monthly at 15p. 
Includes a four page supplement. £2 50 sub. 
Box 999 197 Kings Cross Rd. London WC1 

The Anarchist Weekly Paper. 
Published by Freedom Press, 
84b. Whitechapel High Street, 
London . E.l . 

Subscription Rates 1 year £4.00 
6 months £2.00. 


A call for assembly line product- 
ion to be ended has been made in a 
report recently submitted to an int- 
ernational trade union conference on 
working conditions in the motor ind- 

The report was drawn up by trade 
unions from Britian, Finland and 
Czechoslovakia. It states that unions 
should fight for the eventual abolit- 
ion of assembly line production. 

The report also suggests tnat 
there should be more breaks during 
shifts, and that there should be rot- 
ation of jobs between the workers. 

The Boss class wants a contented 
working class, job alienation with 
xts symptoms-absenteeism and the 
high turnover in labour have a neg- 
ative v effect on profits. The produ- 
ctivity rates are lowered when new 
workers must be trained often, and a 
whole hierachy of supervisors are 
required to check and recheck the 
quality of the products. However, 
managements have always been concer- 
ned about conditions that hamper pr- 
oductivity, why is management^ acting 
on these problems now, and why in 
this way? 

The union bureaucracies work hand 
in glove with the bosses, the offic- 
ials want a quiet life just a s much 
as the captians of industry. Alien- 
ation leads to wildcat strikes, 
just as it does to absenteeism. The 
full time negotiators shares the out- 
look in many ways to those of the 

The managers interest in profitab- 
ility, in these days of increased 
foreign competition and inflation, 
fits in quite well with the unions 
leadership interest in a strike-free 
life. In response to this crisis, 
management must look for ways to cut 
costs in production, because after a 
certain point it becomes more diffi- 
cult to pass on increased costs to 
the consumer. 



^far, Comrades, 

As a reader (& seller) of D/A 
I was interested in your article about the 
nu.^rs and shit. Very Good, now lets answer 
some questions for you. 

First my credentials I came to the pit at 
the late age of 17 (I tried longer but with no 
™° re su ccess to get a job outside the mines 
than most lads in a pit village). To Wardley 
Colliery, Co. Durham were my father and grand 
father had toiled the bulk of their lives. For 
one and a half years I crossed and recrossed 
Wardleys ancient faces and gates (tunnels to 
you) in my efforts as a face lineslad. Working 
with the surveyors I discovered on my own that 
the pit was being deliberately 'run out' i e 
worked away from new and old coal reserves 
which would extend the life of our colliery 

When it was officially announced that Ward- 
ley (known as Little Moscow in the 20' s and 
30 s along with the more Westerway ChopweU 
Colliery) was closing 1 took advantage of the 
N.c B s transfer scheme and was shipped of to 
Yorkshire to Hatfield Colliery; next to the 

il°T h^h P J t " ° f Th ° rne (With coal r — ves 
to the Humber) . 

With the exception of six months on the 
murdering pit bottom of Hatfield and about 17 
months at the soul destroying Ruskin College 
Oxford I have been a coal face worker of one' 
type or another for about 9 years. In answer 
to the questions. 

There are NO TOILETS of any description down 
the pit which means that say 1700 men shit and 
piss down the mine, in and around were they 
work. On the surface, which is rather like a 
very bad factory chemical toilets exist for 
which very ill and sickly and old miners get 
paid the princely extra payment of 8p. per day 
for emptying them. y 

At the bottom of the shaft (the Hole to you) 
the pit bottom lads shit on a sheet of news- 
paper, then wrap it up and dump it into a tub 
waggon) going out of the mine, they piss into 
-he sump (or where the water gathers under- 
neath the resting place of the cage at the 
bottom of the 'hole* or shaft. 

The Material lads; blokes 'who cart waggons 
full of wooden & iron props, girders & supp- 
orts inbye' to the face have to shit in the 
gates i.e. tunnels through which they will 

travel everyday. A modification is to shit like 
the pit bottom workers and throw it into the 
empty tubs, (if they can wait that long) after 
they have unloaded the waggons. 

The material gate through which all men 
travel who are taking in supplies, tools etc, 
is the worst environment in terms of shit. - 

About half the men who work on the face 
travel through the material (or tail) gate. 

Workers who are laying new road, or 'back 
ripping' i.e. repairing the damage to the tail 
gate are forced to shit in the roadways were 
they must walk each day. To sit down 'anywhere' 
m the tail gate is to tempt fate and cover 
yourself with someone elses (or your own) shit. 
To the excretia might also be added your own 
vomit in response to the former. 

The tail gate * rippers ' toil at one of the 
ends of the coal face, advancing the tunnels 
or gates. These men, again shit in the road- 
ways through which they must pass Tor the leng- 
th of life of that face (often years). Some 
other tail gate rippers can shit on a sheet of 
paper and throw it on the face conveyor (the 
moving chain or belt which takes the coal away) 
This is wicked for the fitters who have to 
repair the belt or chain when it is broken (the 
shit gets spread all over the chain or belt) 
and have to handle the pieces of equipment 
covered in shit. 

Along the possible 200 or more yards of the 
face the workers shit were they are or again 
fling it on the chain. 

In the Loader or Main gate, the rippers 
advancing the main or belt tunnel shit on pap- 
er (if they have any if not on a shovel) and 
throw it on the belt carrying the coal, again 
the shit gets spread all over the belt and in' 
the machinery of that converyor. 

That is general but if there is no paper 
or conveyor in which to dump your shit then you 
shit where you are where you work. 

By the way if there is water which their 
often is and a man shits in a corner, germs 
are transmitted by the water back to the skins 
of the men kneeling or lying in water. This 
gives rise to a horrible illness called 
'MINERS WORM'. It is the penetration of germs 
into the flesh and muscle of the man by creat- 
ures carried in the water. It has a medical 
name but I can't remember it, I do know that 
this ailment is found only in two places coal 
mines and the African bush. 

All the best Dave Douglass 
Hatfield Main Branch N.U.M. 


Syndicalists in the Russian revolution 

by G .P. Maximo ff 
How the Labour Governed I945-I95I. 
Lenin and Workers Control 2£p. 
-Hungarian workers revolution 5p. 
Workers Control I Op. 
■narchism & Anarcho-Syndicalism 20p. 

by Rudolph Rocker. 
Franco's Prisoner 

by .M.Garcia. £2.25. 

The Social General Strike 
Tom I irown is being reprinted 
r;rs from Direct Action. 


We Have recently acquired a new Typewriter 
which has cost us £100 we still owe £30 
we v would be most grateful if a few more 
people could send us some money to pay 
this off. Because now we have had the 
offer of a printing press and the sooner 
we pay this off the quicker we can buy the 
press. This is going to be the only way 
that we can expand as a group and get our 
message across to as many people as we can. 

P.T. £3. D.P. £5 . London. A. P. £2 
R.M. £5 A.B. £5. Manchester. 
D.P. £2. 


Some thirty years ago the charnel houses 
of Nazi Germany were coming to an end. The • 
world was sickened by the news of their exist- 
ence. The monsters who had created these 
places were soon to be dispersed, some to 
stand trial before the War Crimes Commision. 

However v/hile one curtain was being rung 
down another was being raised. This revealed 
a new monster who was certainly not a nazi , 
but kind to children and animals. You'll 
find him in all walks of life, amomg scient- 
ists, managing directors, technicians. 

"At the close of the second World war 
the number of chemicals blamed for 
recorded occupational diseases was 
about 50. Today there are estimated 
to be some 600,000 chemicals in daily 
use, and many have harmful (and some- 
times little known) side effects". 
"About 100,000 workers lose their 
lives every year and another 1.5m 
throughout the world are permantl) 
disabled as a result of accidents 
at work or occupational diseases". 

The Plastics and Petro-Chemical industr- 
ies are a case in point. After the war they 
rushed in to satisfy the consumers insatia- 
ble demand for cheap but handsome looking 
furnishings. The drabness of life had to be 
relieved with a few luxuries. 

Plastics surround us in the home, they're 
under our feet, above *>ur heads. We sit on 
them, dine off them, and go to bed on them. 

Let us quote an expert on Fire Prevent- 
ion "The surface spread of flame on polyth- 
ene material is alarming. It" is so rapid 
that a building becomes a blazing inferno 
before the occupants can escape". 

"One night in June last year a stream 
running through the heart of Kirkby 
(Liverpool) burst into flames 30ft 

"The River Alt was found by an anal- 
yst to contain arsenic, c/anide, 
manganese, mercury and cadmium. He 
said, "It is imperative that these 
waters should be banned to all anim- 1 
als and man". 


Recently a whole family was suffocated 
in their own home in the Sal ford area when 
the sofa caught fire. So home is where you 
can be gassed in luxury or fried in fancy 
furnishings as luck would have it. The 
Petrochemical industry have produced napalm 
and incendiary bombs, but in our ignorance 
we are making our homes into comfortable 

The precautions that are taken to prevent 
ignition during manufacture are not taken to 
protect the lives of the workers, but to 
protect the product. Once the profits have 
been made, you the consumer can go to hell 
and burn in your own home. 

Bernie Tupp 


The Governments much heralded Housing 
'package deal' has turned out to be a bribe 
to the Builders and Building Societies It 
takes the form of a guarantee of lunds for 
new house mortgages, which the Government 
hopes will set the trowels, hammers and saws 
working away building the houses which the 
people of Britian so desperately need. The 
House Builders Federation, which represents 
the majority of home builders in the country 
states that until the unsold 40,000 Luxury 
houses are off their hands, it is no deal 
Most of these houses are in the South-East and 
price wise range from £14,000 to £24,000. 

Crosland has back pedalled on nearly all 
his radical promises of 1974. Land National- 
isation is to be introduced very slowly by 
local authorities and is to be based on future 
and not on present needs. This gives firms 
like Northern Builders the green light to cash 
in on their huge land holdings. 

Meanwhile the big builders, Laings, Wimpey 
Taylor Woodrow etc, can't be expected to take 
a cut in profits. So what is Britians loss is 
the oil-rich countries gain. All the big 
builders are falling over themselves to win 
huge housing contracts from Iran, Saudi Arabia 

Cont . From Page 3 . 
For years management has tried to 
get workers to dd their job for them 
to get the workers to discipline 
themselves. Personnel management is 
dedicated to search for ways to keep 
workers highly motivated and produc- 

"One of the very first require- 
ments for a man who is fit to 
handle pig iron as a regular 
occupation is that he shall be 
so stupid and phlegmatic that 
he must more nearly resemble an 
ox than any other type of anim- 

Frederick W. Taylor: the origi- 
nato^r of the assembly line sys- 

F.w.. Tayior, through his now famous 
time-motion studies, fostered the dev- 
elopment of the assembly line. As we 
all know the production process is 
broken down into its smallest units, 
thereby forcing workers to move as 
quickly as possible, Taylor assumed 
that work-people were stupid and psy- 
chologically suited to dull repetit- 
ive work. However boredom is not con- 
ducive to a high quality of workman- 

Much to managements dismay all 
incentives do not yield the desired 
results, whether its pension plans, 
special gifts, piped music or paint- 
ing the walls in attractive colours. 

Nowadays, they have to try a dif- 
ferent approach because of changes in 
the. composition of the work-force. It 
is increasingly affluent and has not 
known hardships, it's younger and 
much better educated than its parents. 
Consequently, the bosses have to try 
different methods to achieve a steady 
growth in productivity. 

These methods involves systematic 
reorganisation of the work process, a 
number of the features are as follows 
that of autonomous work groups as in 
the Volvo plant in Sweden, to quote 
Mr. Gyllenhammer, president of the 
Volvo. group of companies, "We want to 
bring back the concept of proffessio- 
nal and proud craftmanship working in 
small workshops, even in our auto fa- 
ctories". In the Gaines dog food 
plant in Topeka Kansas, 70 workers 
are divided into 6 teams, two teams a 
shift. A processing team unloads and 
then makes the product. The other 
team packs and despatches. Within the 
work group the group hierarchy is 
broken down, supervisory levels are 
done away with, except for a foreman 
who does the task of the rest. 




Self government , team members dec- 
ide work hours and work quotas, and 
the team give each other information 
on the quality of the work. 

Under this heading, on an ideol- 
ogical level we can put co-partner- 
ship, industrial democracy in the 
style of Wedgewood-Benn' s workers 
directors etc, 

Removal of the various outward 
signs of status, to give the work- 
ers a feeling of equality, the 
symbols pf inferiority, such as 
seperate canteens, lavatories and 
parking areas. 

After only a period of l8 months 
of operation, the Topeka plant men- 
tioned above had overheads that were 
33/t> lower than plants in the same 
line of business. The absentee rate 
was 9>fe below the average. 

According to reports in Trade 
Journals the spirit of the place is 
described as "every worker a manager". 

This feeling of job control has 
resulted in falling off in union 
membership in some American plants. 
It appears the the abandonment of 
the assembly line has more than one 
advantage for the bosses. 

No doubt, this new turn in manage- 
ment thinking will eventually find 
its way to Britian. Perhaps Tolstoy 
has the best discription of this 
mentality when he say B , "I sit on a 
man's back choking ham and making 
him carry me and yet assure myself 
and others that I am sorry for him 
and wish to lighten his load by all 
possible means - except by getting 
off his back". 6 


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Box 101, 

c/o 84b. Whitechapel High, 


London. E.l. 

Manchester S.W.F. 
C/0 Grassroots 
178 Oxford rd. 
Manchester 13 

Derek Pattison 

83 Thorncliffe ave. 



Pete k Denise Bond 
C/0 35 Moorland Cres. 
Upton Poole . 
Dorset . 

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be made payable to 'Direct Action' c/o 
Grassroots, 178'Oxford Road Manchester 13. 






British Section of the International Workers Association 


The owning class are getting round their 
present difficulties, as usual, by utilising 
the dynamic and money of the workers. Falling 
profits and loss making in industry has resul- 
ted in the big banking and investment companies 
cutting back on industrial investment. No 
doubt the huge profits that were made in the 
price explosion of the 7°-73 will keep them off 
the bread line for a while. 

Meanwhile British workers wealth, via taxat- 
ion is being used to prop up loss making but 
essential industries while their trade union 
officials are being groomed for their new role 
as Workers Directors, that of smoothing the 
path for future redundancies and plant closures. 

The restructured British Leyland management 
board will include a number of trade union 
nominees but will hot halt the encroachment of 
the time and motion experts on workers rights 
and job control which the rank and file car 
workers have built up over 50 years of struggle. 

This is not the first occasion that offic- 
ials of the trades union movement have been 
recruite-d into management as a way of recuper- 
ating militancy. In 1947 when the 'Utilities' 
Gas, Water and Electricity were nationalised 
union officials became management overnight, 
whilst new branch officials were recruited 
from under foremen a notoriously time serving 
class of worker. The resulting loss of milit- 
ancy in these industries has taken 25 years to 
overcome . 

Cont . On Page 8 ■ 



It is now at the time of writing 7/4/75. 
thirteen weeks since the Glasgow dustcart dri- 
vers went on strike to achieve parity of wages 
with their counterparts in the private sector 
of industry. In the interests of the so called 
social contract between the labour government 
and the trade union top brass the dustcart 
drivers after being on strike last year agreed 
to return to work with the promise of more 
money. The Labour council broke its promise. 
The dustmen reacted by once more withdrawing 
their labour. Unfortunatly like most sections 
of the working class these municipal workers 
are divided and subdivided by their respective 
unions. Consequently from the start they were 
in a weak position. Their workmates, the bin- 
men and maintainance men continued to work on. 
Plastic bags were distributed to the general 
public to contain refuse. However, in spite of 
this the dustcart drivers were determined. But 
the lackeys of the government were not idle. 
The press and T.V. were mounting their propag- 
anda campaign against the strikers. Day by day 
the public were being spoon fed with the inev- 
itable health hazaeds. The hypocrisy of it all 
would make one vomit. As if the health hazards 
in large cities like Glasgow are not forever 
with us. Don't we have health hazards due ind- 
ustrial pollution: to bad housing and lack of 
proper sanitation, don't we have them especi- 
ally among old people due to lack of fuel and 
sufficient nourishment, don't we ha'9 the haz- 
ards of disease in all our big cities due to 
housing slums and industrial processes? We all 
know the answer to that although ignored by 

On the ninth week of the strike after the 
anti -strike campaign had borne fruit the 
Labour council had said that something drastic 
must be done or soon the rats would be showing 
their noses in daylight. The council called 
upon the government to use troops to break the 
strike but of course under the pretext that 
this was to prevent a health hazard. 

The council was right, the rats did show 
thier noses. They forgot to say of course that 
many of them would only have two legs. 

The troops first went into. their strike 
breaking action on the 18th. March and were 
confronted by pickets. On Wednesday 19th. 
pickets at the Dawsholm* incinerator were join- 
ed by stewards from Rolls Royce Hillington and 
from Yarrow of Scotstoun West. Engineers and 
labourers at Polmadie refused to cooperate 
with the army and left the incinerator station. 
On Thursday 20th. maintainance engineers at 
Dawsholm refused to cooperate with the troops. 
In Partick, pickets were successful in disuad- 
ing contractors from removing refuse from a 
tip. Due to effective picketing and non-coper- 
ation by workers at the incinerators the tr- 
oops were forced to dump refuse on the fringes 
of the city. The sad side of the matter was 
that the binmen who incidentally are also en- 
titled to more money; (they collect the rubb- 
ish whilst the drivers remain seated in their 
cabs) continued to work on and finally cooper- 
ated with the troops. Trade union officials in 

general identifying themselves to a greater or 
lesser degree with Labour government policy 
have been another impediment to gaining solid- 
arity action much needed since the intervent- 
ion of the troops. The strike now at time of 
writing seems to be dying a natural death. 
Maintainance workers are returning to work 
and sadly to say the majority of other trade 
unionists in Glasgow seem to be disinterested 
and seem to have accepted the ballyhoo of the 
yellow press. 

Having said that there is one thing which 
may shake Glasgow trade unionists from their 
slumbers. And that is if the dustcart drivers 
retain their determination now that council 
drivers in Dundee, Gouroek, Greenock, Port 
Glasgow and Bellshill decided to have a symp- 
athetic strike. For in such a situation more 
army personel would be necessary. Some M.P.'s 
don't exactly think yiat its unlikely that 
more troops may have to be used. To mention 
just one Tory M.P. for Cathcart Glasgow seems 
to think the army should extend its strike 
breaking activity by intervening in Glasgow 
corporations electricians wage dispute. The 
electricians are on a similar dispute as the 
dustmen. They want parity of wages with their 
counterparts in private industry. If troops 
are used in the above mentioned areas and agai- 
nst the electricians surely other trade union- 
ists must awaken and realize that troops are 
most likely to be used against them when on 
dispute . 

Cont on Page 7. 


The recent London Docks strike which 
ended without any apparent concession from the 
Port Employers has nevertheless signalled a 
major victory for the Dockers in their long 
fight to obtain similar pay and conditions in 
the Inland Container depots as the Dockers 
have won in the actual port areas. The Govern- 
ment is now committed to including previously 
unregistered ports in the new "Dockers Charter' 
as well as giving the Dockers union rights in 
container depots up to 5 miles from the actual 
port area. This will help to bring the "Lump" 
situation in the smaller ports, in which 
employers use gangs of casual labour who act 
as scabs when employers move ships to their 
ports during a dispute, to an end. 

The Dockers action must be seen as a con- 
sequence of the dwindling number of dock jobs 
due to the rapid containerisation of ship 
cargoes in recent years. As far back as 1970 
firms such as Unigate had begun to close down 
river wharves and open up container depots 
further inland at which they employed non- 
union labour at less than union rates. The 
struggle is not yet over. In the Midlands 
and elsewhere there are huge container depots 
which have yet to agree to the dockers demand 
for parity on pay and working conditions. 
This is a principled struggle. The London 
Dockers are fighting to protect their own 
jobs and to improve the lot of their fellow 
workers elsewhere. 



And the tanks will roll in the Red Square 
and the Social Demoncratic politicians of the 
Free World will stand hard hat in hand as the 
regimented regiments of the working class ind- 
ifference parade behind the national flags and 
the prostituted trade union banners of a work- 
ing- class militancy absent on parade. For it 
is May Day and governments and Trade Union 
bureacrats demand this show of loyalty from a 
class they hate, despise or loath every other 
day of the year. Yet comrades we must march 
and always let our banners wave as the battle 
flags of a united working class and let those 
in authority who order these charades learn 
that we march as free workers and i f we are 
denied our protesting place in the ranks beh- 
ind the ancient fluttering glories of the past 
then let us go back to first principles and 
chalk up our own crude banners. Do not be 
downhearted if our numbers are few for we shall 
triumph and be betrayed for it is the struggle 
that will unite us for behind the Church Univ- 
ersal is the Church Militant and behind and 
before them is the Church Primitive and that 
my comrades is our eternal and only battle 
field for we are the companions of the left 
hand of God. In 1833 Robert Owen appointed May 
1st. as the begining of the millennium and 
over a hundred years later Robert we are still 
waiting but we are in good heart. In 1889 the 
first Paris congress of the second Socialist 
international decided May the first for the 
innual international celebrations and give or 
ake a world war that resoulution has been 

The movers of the motion had intended that 
we the workers should by Direct Action enforce 
a holiday on May 1st. no matter what day of 
the week it fell on and in Europe our working 
class comrades attempted a one day strike and 
the Establishment honoured them by ordering 
the police to break up their marches and para- 
des but governments learn slowly^ slowly and 
by the simple Mchiavellian ploy of declaring 
the day a public holiday thereby, as in 
America, gelding the stallion of working class 
defiance and or protest. In 1890 or 1892 acc- 
ording to differing authorities London stood 
in witness of its first Labour May Day demon- 
stration but my comrades the craft unions and 
the banners of the Superior Working Class dom- 
inated the parade, for it was never a march. 

Always absent was the unskilled casual wor- 
kers yet it was the Bryant and May match girls, 
starvation paid, ill used and of the British 
untouchables whose strike in July 1888 was 
responsible so wrote Engels, for 'the entire 
avalanche to follow', of industrial warfare 
between the proletarian working class and the 
middle class employers. On the 13th. of August 
1889 a small number of day labourers struck 
work at the South West Indian Docks and Tillet 
and Burns floated into leadership as the great 
dock strike began and thousands of men marched 
but remember comrades the first march saw 41 
banners and ' some were no more . than red rags 
on poles' . 

Let us honour Ben Tillett as the 'Dockers 
Leader' but always remember that when the 
German anarchist Rudolf Rocker asked our Ben 
what he thought of the mass of exploited and 
rejected slum workers who were but factory 
fodder for the crowded sweat shops Tillett 
considered them beyond the pale and a threat 
to 'honest labour' . "in times of revolution", 
said Tillett, "it was from these quagmires of 
degredation that the hyenas of the revolution 
emerge. A socialist government would therefore 
have to think of ways and means to get rid of 
this scum, false pity for then would harm the 
socialist cause". Ben was no mean prophet and 
they called it National Socialism and the con- 
centration camp and the gas chamber was to 
sterilise the Corporate State of industrial 
disharmony with a workers car, a neat frau 
haunting mass produced brick homes or an ex 
KGB boss for a trade union leadership gaffer, 
a Hero of the Father Land medal for Time and 
Motion beyond the call of duty and a place in 
the official parade behind the latest rocket 
launcher for those who conformed or surrend- 
ered. Our place is in the ranks of the working 
class my comrades but with those who are rej- 
ected by a newly created working class merit- 
ocracy. It is along side the Indian worker 
struggling, as they had to struggle in the 
home land that drove them out, for the right 
to human dignity. The scrubbers, the claeners 

Cont. On Page 8 . 


One of the most profitable monopolies in 
Britain is the London Rubber Company, the 
makers of Durex. Recently they issued a High 
Court writ against their competitor Surex Ltd. 
This was to stop them using the sales slogan, 
"why pay Durex prices?". 

The cost to manufacture a packet of Three 
Durex (Featherlite) is less than one old farth- 
ing (.21 p.). However, by the time you buy them 
over the counter, they cost 25p'. whoever is 
prepared to sell them can get a rake off up to 
15p. a packet. 

The London Rubber Company doesn't do all 
that bad either. Their cut works out at 4£p. 
Of course they are sold by the million. 

Some of the methods used by L.R.C. to reta- 
in their dominant position in the market are 
real sharp practices. They range from damaging 
the machines of rivals to the setting up of 
dummy organisations such as the Genetic Study, 
which spreads propaganda against products made 
by competitors. Another trick of the trade is 
to by up the french letters of rival firms 
from retailers and replace them with their own. 

In a capitalist society everything that we 
use is sold for a profit, all needs, all our 
pleasures are gist to the mill. We are not ' 
arguing for fair competition are apologising 
for the Monopolies Commission. What we want is 
an end to the profit system. We want a society 
were human needs and desires are satisfied for 
their own sake, and not used to make a fortune 
for the shareholders. 



'Women: their oppression and their cause", 
printed and published by 

Socialist Union, 16 Abbeyfield Rd, 
Dunscrof t , 

Doncaster , 

No price given. 

"Now , woman is confronted with the nec- 
essity of emancipating herself from emanci- 
pation, if she really desires to be free, 
.his may sound paradoxical, but is, never- 
heless, only too true". 


The Socialist Union describe themselves as 
a small revolutionary socialist group of miners 
engineers, labourers and housewives. They are 
based in the north east and are developing 
contacts nationally and with North America, 
The Revolutionary Communist League. This pamp- 
hlet was presented to state the views of the 
Socialist Union on the oppression and struggle 
of women. They felt this necessary as they had 
failed to deal with it in their manifesto. 

The pamphlet opens with an attack on the 
feminist movements. They feel it necessary to 
counter the feminists attitudes and pose a 
socialist view point on the oppression of wom- 
en within the context of the class struggle. 
Much of the socialist left are accused of cli- 
nging to the petit-bourgeois notions of the 
feminist and Womens Liberation Movenents, sol- 
ely because they want to be seen to be support- 
ing womens struggle. These people are "failing 
in their duty as socialists". They are told 
that they must "denounce these movements as 
being middle class orientated and more concer- 
ned with personal liberation and opportunity 
and the belittling of the male sex than with 
the plight of the millions of working class 
women". (These middle classes are such a 
problem, even in revolutionary movements! They 
pop up everywhere like that Karl whats his 
as second/ class citizens by society. No doubt 
that society is sexless. This is seen in edu- 
cation,' job opportunities as sex objects and 
within marriage. On the other hand, men of 
course are certainly not privileged, as capi- 
talism represses the whole working class. 
Women therefore are doubly exploited. Perhaps 
that is why some feel the need of their own 

Although the pamphlet states that women 
should fight against their oppression, the 
emphasis must be towards the struggle against 
the capitalist system, which is the origin of 
male dominance. The role of woman in the fam- 
ily being a product of private property. Wom- 
en it is said may make some gains under this 
system but will never be really free from 
oppression and inequality until it is overth- 
rown. This is the reason, they feel that fem- 
inists ideas must be "shown for what they are, 
political cul-de-sacs which lead women away 
from struggling against their real oppressor 
the capitalist system". Praise is given for 
the advances made by women in socialist nat- 
ions i.e. "the fourteen worker states were 
capitalism has already been defeated and re- 
placed by socially and economically superior 
systems based on the common ownership", etc. 
No mention here of the abortion controversy in 
the U.S.S.R. 

The exploitation of women as cheap labour 
is disgustful. This, it is explained, stems 
from the idea that women are second class be- 
ings, unequal to men both mentally and physic- 
ally. Capitalism has used the existing bias 
against women to boost profits. It seeks also 
to divide the working class, men from women. 
As far as workers organisations are concerned 
we are told that one in every four trade union- 
ists is a women, yet most full time union 
officials are men. This of course is common in 
all organisations within this male-dominated 

In my opinion the main reason for this 
pamphlet is to give a clear and striaght for- 
ward analysis of society in Marxists terms. 
This includes the oppression of women and what 
they should do about it within the class 
struggle. The suggested (albeit for them ref- 
ormist) actions are similar to lots of those 
put forward by the womens movement. The diff- 
erence to me seems that here, women, especi- 
ally those in key industries, are thought of 
as fodder to help win the class struggle. Of 
course taking over the economic control of 
society is of prime importance- but people 
are individuals. At the same time as fight- 
ing for economic control of their lives, they 
must be able to pursue freedom through their 
own personal liberation. To do this they must 
feel free to form separate organisations were 
necessary. We all know the dangers of merely 
changing the ownership of the means of prod- 

I would like to say that although I think 
women do need separate organisations I agrea 
there maybe a danger of isolation. It seems 
a good idea to get together as women politic- 
ally e.g. London Womens Anarchist Group, 
otherwise to ,find some time to spend with the 
male dominated political groups. 


Con t . From >age 2 . 

Remember in 1973 the labour fakirs in Glas- 
gow council called for troops to be used in 
the fi remans strike? Despite this the firemen 
were successful. Their type of work was just 
too much for the troops. 

Both Conservative and Labour governments 
have quite a record for using the military and 
the police and the judiciary which are the 
blood and sinews of class rule. Quite a large 
volume would be necessary to illustrate this 
in full. So only the solidarity of rank and 
file trade unionists can overcome the strike 
breaking action of troops. 

It must be remembered that in spite of the 
use of troops trade union officials have virt- 
ually turned a blind eye and the strike remains 
unofficial . 

The Glasgow dustmen are to have a mass 
meeting in the Kingston Hall on Wednesday 9th. 

The shop stewards committee are bitter 
about having failed in a last attempt to per- 
suade the corporation to have local negotiat- 
ions on their £5 a week pay claim following 
the failure to reach agreement at national 
level. This is not surprising since the corp- 
oration had promised to negotiate at local 
level should talks at national level fail. 
Subsequently the corporation violatea their 
promise which is also not surprising to this 
writer. The situation will be conveyed to the 
men at their mass meeting on Wednesday. 

And so the death knell has sounded: 
Today Wednesday 9/4/75 at the mass meeting of 
dustmen it was decided by an overwhelming maj- 
ority to return to work on Monday 14th. 

Dan Duffy of the strike committee stressed 
that the corporation had played a disgusting 
role in the whole affair. The men had decided 
to end their strike on a recommendation by 
their committee. 

Dan Duffy said that the men will have a 
great deal of bitterness and disgust on retur- 
ning to work. They will be returning with no 
wage increase, no improved conditions, no 
promise for the future. 

The only condition they are asking for is 
that the troops be moved out before they move 
in . 

To say the men will be bitter is an under- 
statment. For they have been stabbed in the 
back by the official trade union movement. A 
few initial lessons will have to be learned. 
They will have to avoid constitutional black- 
legging by some means or another. As a first 
step to this they must start thinking about 
obliterating trade union barriers, craft or 
otherwise. The ideal would be to get organised 
in one all embracing union of all municipal 
workers without high paid officials. Even if 
it means dual unionism starting from scratch. 
And the old conventional methods of striking 
may have to be given second thought. Instead 
of going on the cobblestones new strike meth- 
ods must be seriously considered. In this case 
the old method of going on the street has 
failed miserably. 

The official trede union movement has to be 
thanked for that. 

R. L. 



Recently Jo Grimond has been (sic) saying 
that local Councils are no good at running 
their housing Departments. Anyhow Uncle Joes 
solution is that Councils should either sell 
their homes to their tenants or should hand 
over the running of estates to tenants co-op- 
eratives . 

His first solution is absurd simply because 
few, if any, Council tenants will be able to 
afford to make the neccessary mortgage repay- 
ments or even to raise a mortgage. I remember, 
from working in a council mortage department, 
that to get a mortgage of about £8,000 a 
person needed to be earning approximately £50 
a week or more depending upon how his/her 
income was made up, (i.e. overtime, bonus etc) 
and don't forget that interest rates are now 
higher by about 3% or 4% and house prices 
have risen. Of course this is not taking into 
consideration the present high unemployment 
rate and the number of people laid off on a 
3 day week or more. 

Anyhow let us turn to Uncle Jo's second 
solution,- the handing over of the running of 
council estates to 'Tenants Co-operatives' . 
On the face of it, it looks like a good idea 
in fact I'm sure that tenants co-operatives 
would be better at running their own estates- 
after all they can't be run any worse than 
they are now. Theres also the fact that coun- 
cil tenants will have more control over their 
own lives. 

Lets however examine what Uncle Jo means 
by tenants co-operatives'. I get the impress- 
ion that he means some sort of tame tenants 
association that will work hand in hand with 
the local council. In other words the council 
collects the rent and in return the co-operat- 
ive does the maintananee work on their estates 
thus helping the council to spend less money 
on its tenants for the privilage of spending 
more money on their own repairs. Obviously 
this is about as far away from people control- 
ling their own streets as nationalisation is — 
from Workers Control of industry. 

Perhaps I'm wrong about Uncle Jo's intent- 
ions in which case he won't mind if council 
tenants refuse to pay rent or rates and genu- 
inly control their own lives - or would he. 
You don't need 3 guesses to know who will be 
among the first to call for a return to 'law 
and order', 'moderation' and the other catch 
phrases used during the rent strikes against 
the Housing Finance Act that the tories intro- 
duced a few years back. 


at Conway Hall, Red Lion Square, London, WC1 

(nearest tube station : Holborn) 


Profits to Anarchist Prisoners Everywhere & Spanish Resistance 


caretaker Hop 

By now most workers have come in contact or 
conflict with work study engineers. When work 
study was first introduced it was called time 
and motion. But as is commom with the "unpleas- 
ant realities of our working lives, different 
terms are used to gloss them over. Being made 
redundant is still the "sack, and work study is 
still time and motion. 

However, some of the mobile caretakers on 
the Greater London Council wher faced with 
these work study engineers have simply stayed 
put. This action, or should it be called in- 
action, has so far prevented further studies 
being taken. After about an hour the work study 
men leave. 

These mobile caretakers" covering three est- 
ates in Battersea are objecting to being watc- 
hed, or snooped upon. So far the action has 
been effective. 

But the idea of the mobile caretakers was 
the brain child of the work study engineers of 
County Hall. In their drive for "efficiency" 
their plans of re-organisation have meant a 
r<etereoration in the up keep and cleanihess of 
estates with a marked increase in vandlism. 
When the mobile caretakers scheme was first 
discussed, the work study engineers claimed 
that the caretakers visiting an estate who 
wasn't a resident would help to keep down 
vandlism. The mobile caretakers would act and 
appear as a kind of "policeforce" . Just the 
opposite has happened. The personal contact 
between tenant and caretaker has been lost. 
The little complaints and repairs, like block- 
ed sinks and drains etc, which the caretakers 
took care of, are no longer done, except after 
the inevitable delay by the maintainance gangs. 

Nowdays the mobile caretaker turns up in 
his truck with three or four men armed with 
brooms and shovels to sweep up the yards and 
maintain the rubbish chutes. Because they have 
been work studied they rush round trying to 
earn some bonus. As a result the estates are 
far from clean. 

As with so many aspects of our lives the 
mobile caretaker scheme depersonalises relat- 
ionships. The caretaker no longer belongs as 
apart of an estate and does not snare its pro- 
blems as he did when he lived there. 

But as far as the work study engineers are 
concerned, people are mere units of production 
The caretakers on the G.L.C. have become to 
the tenants faceless 'policemen'. 

In their drive for so called efficiency the 
work study engineers scheme has added to th* 
vandlism that exists on G.L.C. estates. They've 
also added to the fear that many of the older 
tenants feel. 

Certainly everything was far from well on 
the estates with resident caretakers. Some 


The Anarchist Weekly Paper. 
Published by Freedom Press, 
84b. Whitecfiapel High Street, 
London . E.l . 

Subscription Rates 1 year £4.00 
6 .months £2.00 

were good while others refused to help anyone 
in need. But given the remoteness and the in- 
human way tenants are treated by the G.L.C. 
its understandable there is so much vandlism. 
Huge estates exist, but without any play fac- 
ilities for the children. When new estates are 
built or modernised, the last thing the G.L.C. 
think of including is a community centre for 
tenants to use for social activities. 

But as syndicalists have pointed out before, 
we expect little or nothing from those in 
authority, whether at work or from landlords. 
People have to act for themselves and create 
their own organisations to bring about improv- 
ements and change to their daily lives. 



National Secretariat, 
Box 101, 

c/o 84b. Whitechapel High, 


London. E.l. 


109 Oxford Rd, 
Manchester 1. 

Derek Pattison 

83 Thorncliffe ave. 



Pete &. Denise Bond 
C/0 35 Moorland Cres. 
Upton Poole. 



Cont. From Page 3. 

yea all those forced to clean up society's 
shit for the right to eat its leavings. And 
my comrades, as they move up into the working 
class world of shallow security they will 
reject us but it is no matter for they have 
no obligation to fight our battle but, nay 
for as long as, Ben Tillett's 'scum' exist 
these are our companions in battle with "no 
more than red rags on poles" for our battle 
flag and let our presence in the streets with 
a single red rag mark Mdy Day as the day of 
revolt . 


Cont . From Page 1 - 

At the moment most union leaders are profess 
ional executives who have got to the top throu- 
gh a process of political infighting which 
inevitably pervades the whole trade union str- 
ucture resulting in a seperation of aims bet- 
ween the officials of the union and their supp- 
osed employers, the rank and file membership. 
Syndicalists believe that the best way to build 
up a union leadership which would truly reflect 
the members needs is the adoption of a system 
under which all officials are drawn from the 
membership of the union itself, and in which 
all' policy decisions are subject to a rank and 
file endorsement mandate. The corrollary to 
this of course is that the total union member- 
ship involves itself in union ; activities . Only 
when this comes into being shall we be on the 
road to true social ownership. 



British Section of the International Workers Association 


Now that Britain has safely retained inside 
the European big business league, British 
workers have been told by the Gnomes of Zurich 
as to what they can expect as their share of 
the benefits to come from our continuing mem- 
bership of the Common Market. The Bank of Int- 
ernational Settlement has stated quite blunt- 
ly that higher levels of unemployment plus a 
real drop in our standard of living for a per- 
iod of up td 10 years will be necessary be- 
fore British industry will be competative with 
the other members of the Market. 

This prospect is causing no concern in the 
boss class, the 1 re more worried about losing 
some of their power and privilege if the Ind- 
ustry Bill is passed in its original form. 
They are also engaging in a quiet form of 
assett stripping by distributing funds, 
which should have been reinvested in their 
own industry, as dividends to the sharehold- 
ers . 

Most of this money is finding its way into 
the Building Societies. Although this has 
eased the mortgage problems for some people 

it has also caused house prices to start 
rising again without any increase in the 
number of houses being built. This swells the 
profit of the investor without any effort on 
their part but only at the expense of workers 
jobs which are now being lost at the rate of : 
2,000 each week. 

When the time comes to re- f late a cheaper 
Britain we may be sure that it will be the 
workers who will be called on to pay the cost 
through organisations such as the National 
Development Board. Although it will be the 
ordinary taxpayers money which pays the piper 
it will once again be the industrialists and 
share owners who will be calling out the only 
tune they know. The ting-ting of a cash .regi- 

If this state of affairs is not to go on 
for ever the workers must prepare their own 
permanent takeover bid. They already make 
everything, they already pay for everything 
The next and final step is to.idanage every- 


more EQUAL 

than others 

Some 20 odd years ago I read George Orwell s 
fantasia "Animal Farm" in which he describes 
how animals in an imaginary farm owned by an 
imaginary farmer Brown grew disgusted with 
their lot and revolt. They feel that they have 
been exploited too long by humans and that if 
they take over the farm they will have justi- 
fyably got rid of a parasitical growth upon 
their backs and earned a vindicative free acc- 
ess to the means of life. The pigs are consid- 
ered to be their leaders as some old pig had 
been presumably endowed with great intellect 
and two other pigs capable of assimilating its 
teachings, although they had some diversity of 
interpretations. One interpretation became 
majority opinion and was carried. Hence a char- 
ter was drawn up in keeping with this. The 
principle.; accepted by the, animals were printed 
and post for all to see on the farm. There 
were qui _e a number of clauses which included 
Four legs are good, two legs bad. 
All animals are equal. 

Orwell seems to try to convey in this writ- 
ers opinion that the old pig was Karl Marx and 
the other two pigs vieing for each others 
views to be accepted were Stalin and Trotsky. 
In other words it seems to be an analogy of 
the Russian Revolution and counter-revolution. 
Because as time goes on one pig leader is 
forced out of the farm by the other due to un- 
palatable expressions and due to acceptance by 
the majority of animals to decisions taken by 
the pigs rather than by general assembly of all 
with the resulting unsavoury conclusions. Cont- 
rol is usurped by an elite. The old charter in 
time is modified month by month until it reads 
entirely different from the original. For exam- 
ple the principle of "all animals are equal" 
finally reads "all animals are equal but some 
are more equal than others".' Because "Animal 
Farm" (so the theme continues) is surrounded 
by other farms still in the hands of humans 
some compromises have to be made and some neg- 
otiations have to take place between the pigs 
of "Animal Farm" and the humans of other farms. 
The animals accept this. However, after a few 
decades of compromises, temporary alliances, 
=>ful co-exi stance and glaring deceit the 
as als become strongly suspect. One evening 
when the pigs are in conference with the humans 
some curious animals decided to stealthily 
creep up and have a peek through the windows of 
the conference hall. They looked and then look- 
ed at each other meaningfully, they could not 
distinguish the pigs from the humans. 

Now, when I observe the antics of some trade 
«nion officials and politicians it is reminis- 
cent of my reading of "Animal Farm" twenty odd 
years ago which merely substantiated even then 
my earlier convictions. 

If one would read "Animal Farm" now and 
observe whats going on in political and trade 
union circles, similarities could hardly be 
unnoticed. Just as the animals could not dist- 
inguish between the pigs and humans in "Animal 

Farm" it is difficult now to distinguish 
between trade union officials and employers 
and labour politicians and others. 

Of course avowed syndicalists and anarch- 
ists have been saying this for decades. They 
have stated that this was the inevitable out- 
come of adopting unsound principles: It's not 
merely surplus value (or exploitation of the 
worker) which as at the root of all our soc- 
ial ills as socialist economists of the Marx- 
ian school maintain. It is the accumulation 
of surplus value (unpaid wages of the worker) 
plus the fact that surplus value is able to 
exist. And it is only able to exist through 
the strong arm of the law. In other words the 
legal sanction of exploitation by the state or 
government is necessary for the continuance of 
our class divided society. Government is still 
the executive committee of the ruling class. 
Therefore collaboration with government or 
flirtation with political parties leads to 
disaster for the working class. For the pres- 
ent dear reader disregard theories and look 
at facts: observe the antics of your 'leaders' 
or should I say 'misleaders ' . ? 

Hugh Scanlon, boss of the engineering union 
in recent months instructed his members to 
cross a picket line of electricians during an 
electricians strike. 

Our same Hugh recently told the staff of 
his union who were in dispute to return to 
work before he would negotiate with them. It 
is reported that our Hugh even vaulted a hedge 
breaking the picket lines of his staff. Do 
not the employers tell workers to return to 
work in order to negotiate? Is this not remin- 
iscent of the pigs and humans in "Animal Farm'.* 

Chancellor of the Exchequer Dennis Healey 
made it undisputably plain the other week that 
the social contract between government and 
unions means lower wages. He said, "it is for 
better that more people should work even if it 
means accepting lower wages on average than 
that those lucky enough to keep their jobs 
should scoop the pool while millions are liv- 
ing on the dole. That is the meaning of the 
social contract. Trade union leaders express 
the same sentiments. "To break the social 
contract", they say, "is to price yourself out 
of a job". What do employers say? precisely 
the same. A few weeks ago "our" prime minister 
regarding the social contract stated that we 
must now expect to do a fair days work for a 
fair days pay: a good old fashioned conservat- 
ive motto. Wedgy Benn, darling of the left 
speaks of workers participation. Workers paci- 
fication would perhaps be more appropriate for 
Benn urges British Leyland workers to hold 
back on wage demands. Michael Foot another 
sweetheart of the left uses similar language: 
He says, "wages should not be pressed to such 
a degree that they would increase the risk of 

Jack Jones of T.G.W.U. leader once called 
the militant twin of Hugh Scanlon stated rec- 
ently that there must be equal sacrifices. In 
this case, some will be more 'unequal than 
others: Odours of "Animal Farm".^ utf/ffi 

BLACK FLAG Organ of the Anarchist 
Black Cross. 13p. for a sample copy from : 
83a Haverstock Hill, London N.W.3. 


The mounds of uncollected rubbish which have 
been piling up in British cities of late can 
be seen as an obvious danger to public health. 
Less obvious, is the terrible danger to which 
the whole population is being increasingly ex- 
posed as a result of the dumping of industrial 
waste and the indiscriminate discharge of pol- 
lutants into the atmosphere. 

Most people are aware of the suffering caus- 
ed by the disease, pneumoconiosis. Few however 
are aware that the same disease is contracted 
by quarry workers as well as miners. Cotton- 
spinners, China clay and asbestos workers amo 
amongst others. Asbestos workers also have a 
high incidence of cancer. 

Under modern industrial conditions, not only 
the workers themselves, but their families as 
well are exposed to toxic waste poisoning. 

A few years ago, when the Avonmouth Lead 
Smelter had to close down due to the atmospher- 
ic pollution it had caused. Some children had 
to be evacuated from the area until the level 
of lead particles in the air had fallen. Con- 
centrations of lead in childrens' bloodstreams 
can cause cancer and mental retardation. 

Nearly everone in Britain has had experience 
of breathing in the pungent fumes which are ex- 
pelled from the chimneys of chemical plants. 
How many are aware of that poisonous substan- 
ces from these fumes fall on to arable land 
which in turn supplies our food , and reservoir 
from which comes drinking water. 

The water in Lake Superior has turned a 
cloudy green over the last five years due to 
pollution from a nearby asbestos plant. Pre- 
viously the lake had had a reputation as a 
supply of excellent drinking water for the 
surrounding populace. The company which runs 
the plant claims that it would cost them too 
much to change their extraction process. 
Meanwhile, the local people are being slowly 
poisoned and their children run an increasing 
risk of incurring cancer. 

The recent death of a driver at Pitsea 
waste tip in Essex highlights the dangers 

^ SWF 

National Secretariat, 
Box 101, 

c/o 84b. Whitechapel High, 


London . E.l . 


i.09 Oxford Rd, 
Manchester 1. 

Derek Pattison 

83 Thorncliffe eve. 



Pete Si Denise Bond 
C/0 35 Moorland Cres. 
Upton Poole. 

involved while handling toxic waste, jut the 
industrial world deadly poisons mercury, arse- 
nic, cyanide etc are being dumped into disused 
mines and quarries or sunk into the sea. 
Everyday industrial effluent seeps into our 
rivers contaminating both natural life and 
drinking water. Unless something is done to 
reverse this process a large scale disaster 
must inevitably occur. In lots of cases ind- 
ustrial management deliberatley play down the 
dangers involved. They have been known to 
concel the true nature of loads from the driv- 
ers concerned. They also resort to subterfuge 
in order to obtain planning permission for 
more Tips. Two executives of 'Redland Purle' . 
which operates the Pitsea Tip recently joined 
the "Northumberland Wildlife Trust" in order 
to influence planning permission for a new 
toxic waste tip in the North East. 

Today management, local government and 
trade unions bureaucracies work together on 
many issues and very often the. ensuing relat- 
ionships inhibit them from speakirg out on 
issues such as has been outlined above. What 
is needed to alter this situation is the 
formation of local residents associations 
which are not tied to the apron strings of 
governmental satraps. When these associations 
are strong and vociferous enough the peoples 
needs will be taken into account, until then 
we are all voting fodder in an increasingly 
polluted society. 

Willie Allin. 


DONATIONS N.W. WorkersEl D.P.M/cr £1. 

Anon M/CR £10 


M/CR R.M.£1 D.T.£1 A. P. £2 A.B.£1 D.P.£1 

The Syndicalist Workers Federation has 
now acquired an Off-set Litho printing 
press. However we have had to borrow 
the money to pay for it as well as the 
fact that the press will have running 
expenses (i ,e, paper and ink). 

We are therefore asking you to dig 
deep in your pocketsand to send us 
anything you can. It goes without saying 
that all donations will be gratefully 


c£$ £££$$$ 
%%%%%% 555,00 


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;$ " ££££ $ 


Cde Marini has had his appeal for provisional 
liberty turned down by the Court. Readers of 
"Direct Action" will remember "that Marini is 
serving a sentence of 12 years for defending 
himself in an attack by the fascist thugs of 
M.S.I . 


If we raise the demand of workers .control of 
the means of production, we must also advocate 
that we as tenants, raise the demand for the 

taking over the estates and their organisation 

by those who live on them 

Tenants Take Over - By Colin Ward, 

Published by Architechtural Press Ltd. £3.95p. 

Approximatly a Third of us live in Council 
housing. This usually means high rents, long 
delays before repairs are carried out and arb- 
itary rules set by a faceless bureaucracy (i.e. 
no ball games, no pets, no repainting the out- 
side etc.). What is more tenants are rarely 
consulted about the details of improvement 
schemes, if they exist at all. The result of 
this is that many of the older, structurally 
sound estates are becoming slums. To make 
matters worse some of the newer - council estates 
because of low standards of construction as 
well as long delays before repairs are actually 
done, are becoming slums within a few years of 

An example of this is the Moss Side District 
Centre of Manchester. Amongst other things this 
estate is overrun with mice and <bugs which have 
made their glomes in the cardboard and compre- 
ssed straw internal walls. What is more there 
have been many fires there, some of which have 
occured in empty flats. The internal walls are 
supposed to be fire resistant however it has 
been known for building workers to- dispose of 
off cuts of this stuff by burning them. 

According to Colin Ward the way to stop this 
downhill slide on the older soundly built est- 
ates, is for tenants cooperatives to buy their 
estates from the council and to run them for 
themselves. The only problem I can see with 
this is that Councils are not likely to sell 
their estates to their tenants en mass. ' 

I do feel though that this is something that 
tenants should fight for, if only because their 
housing situation would be better. After all if 
we don't fight for improvements in our situat 
ion, as a class, (i.e. better wages, better 
houses, shorter working week etc.) we will not 
be fighting at all, which means that the bosses 
will win by default. 

Anyhow it is only through the day to day 
struggle that people will realise the true nat- 
ure of the bosses capitalist (and state capita- 
list) system. 

Dave Thompson . 


Millions of British trade unionists now 
taking part in the last rounds of the present 
wages fight will soon have to prepare them- 
selves for a more important struggle that 
of the right to work. 

However, with exception of the last miners 
strike all major wage settlement of the last 
few years have been conditional on some form 
of reduction of the workforce. The6e ; cond- 
itions are often disguised or blurred by s 
such terms as voluntary or phased out redun 
dancy. Another of the bosses stratagems in 
job mobility. This technique was behind the 
recently settled strike of doorhangers at 
Fords, Dagenham. The way it works is through 
raising the job/a'n'cfputting the unneeded in 
the labour pool. thus saving the firm from tak 
ing on more workers to replace those who are 
retireing,or more com ion ly those who have 
become ill. 

An even stronger menace to the workers' 
future is the acute shortage of jobs for the 
school leavers. It is estimated that of the 
500,000 school leavers this sum.ner, less than 
100,000 will be in employment before the end 
of the year. This state of affairs has largel; 
come about because union negotiators have 
been over eager to obtain the largest cash 
settlements, and signed what have become blank 
chegues for the employers to reduce their 
pay-rolls, as and when it suits them. In the 
same manner, workers have lost a number of 
job privileges and conditions over the last 
few years. Shorter meal breaks, and even in 
some cases their elimination is one obvious 
example. All these things put money in the 
bosses pockets, at the expense of the workers 
jobs, A short term cash settlement can never 
make up for the erosion of job conditions 
and the loss of jobs themselves. 

While there can be no doubt that the amount 
of unemployment will rise in the immediate 
future. Trade unionists must take steps to 
it from becoming a permanent feature of our 
lives which could the debilitating slavery of 
thirties in which whole families lost their 
self-respect, and young people were forced to 
leave their home environment, and prostitute 
themselves in alien cities, and the armed 

The step that the workers must take is that 
of asserting rank and file control over the 
dicisions of their union executives who at 
the moment act very much like bosses themsel- 
ves . 


The Anarchist Weekly Paper. 
Published by Freedom Press, 
84b. Whitechapel High Street, 
London. E.l. 

Subscription Rates 1 year £4.00 
6 months £2.00. 


Lord George-Brown cost the "Screws of 
the World" (22/6/75) two million of 
its six million copies. Members of the 
National Graphical Association stopped 
work after they had demanded the to re- 
ply to a front page article by the Lab- 
our Lord. This demand was rejected by 
the management. 

The good Lord in his article said that 
the paper was overmanned and , those who 
he alleged were being carried o., the 
'paypool' should be sacked. 

We have heard a lot a in the past , 
about the 'freedom of speech'. It is 
of course, always' their freedom in their 
press. We, the workers, who print or broad 
cast the propaganda are not considered 


important enough to be given the chance 
to reply when attacked! 

Enoch Powell can appear on the TV in 
millions of homes, without any reply 
from the immigrants he attacks! but let 
a handful of his opponents heckle him 
at a meeting and the media screams ' If _. ;. 
him have free speech' . 

We must congratulate the members of 
the N.G.A. on their fight to gain the 
right to reply, and support them their 
struggle. We hope that other workers in 
the media will take a similar stand wher 
others are attacked by the propaganda 
machine . 


Manchester, the capital of the Great 
Manufacturing Conurbation, up here in the 
North West, welcomed Mr. Anthony Crossland, 
Secretary for the Enviroment , M.P. and temp- 
orary V I. P. on Friday the 9th. Msy, with 
three ambushes, prepared and manned by NALGO, 
the local government officers u:.ion. 

This Minister of the Crown has made himself 
very unpopular by sticking his nose into their 
salary negotiations, So, with banners, carry- 
ing strange costic devices waving at him from 
all angles, he was welcomed on his arrival at 
Piccadilly Station, once again at the Tovn 
Hall in Albert Square, and finally at the 
Abraham Moss Centre which he had been invited 
to officially open. 

After performing this arduous task the 
City Fathers attended to this resuscitation 
by entertaining him to a fine luncheon washed 
down with vintage wines costing £6.50p. a 
bottle. This little Civiv Nosh-up cost the 
rate payers £1,000. His gurgling belly fully 
filled he brightened every one up by giving 
an hilariously funny speech. 

"The Town Hall honeymoon period is over", 
he cried, "No more money is available, but 
that doesn't mean that any of the existing 
services are going to be cut", he said, and 
with dead-pan expression on his face he went 
on, "You will have to do it with the same 
number of pound notes". 

With the value of the £ falling like a 
stone off the top of a Municipal Housing 
Tower Block, how on earth are our good Civic 
Leaders going to avoid cuts in services? The 
bitter humour of this speech is only to plain 
to the Town Hall Clerk, who being a" respons- 
ible citiren had settled last years salary 
claim, through N.A.L.G 0. at 13%, well vithin 
the famous Social Contract. Immediately after 
N.U.P.E. gained a 14£% settlement. Not much 
more I will agree, but when you consider that 
many N.U.P.E. members can work overtime and 
earn bonuses, which is denied the Town Hall 
type, the settlement was worth quite a bit 

more. This was followed by a settlement of 
over 20% with the Teachers and then came the 
super bite of the apple by the Civil Service 
of 30% and this has been the story ever since. 
After being called a "Blood Sucker" by the 
Daily Express and the stone wall attitude by 
the employers, no doubt prompted by the 
government, the local government pen pusher 
gets the feeling of being 'unloved', with a 
strong suspicion that, once again he is going 
to be taken for a ride. With the usual delaying 
tactics and misleading statements, the negot 
iations are going to drag on until the Autumn 
Budget, when the Finance Boys in the City 
expect "Silly Billy" Healey to slap on a Wage 
Freeze. Then the Town Hall bodds will have to 
accept consolidation of this threshold pay 
plus a few bob, and scribble faster than ever, 
because as his older colleagues retire, and 
the migration to promotion takes place, fewer 
replacements are going to be taken on. 

Bye the way there is no truth in the 
rumour that Anthony Crossland dined on corned 
beef and chips. You don' t expect him to wash 
that down with the juice of the noble grape 
do you? 

Nickerdemous . 




Our Aims and Principles 



Libertarian Group- Abergafenni 
anyone interested contact 31 Monmouth Rd 
Abergafenni . 

The Industrial Unionist IWW No . 3 
10p+5p from Freedom Bookshop or 
116 Chadderton Way , Oldham, 

Greater Manchester. 

Our COMRADES of the Portuguese Anarcho- 
syndicalist movement, and their fortnight- 
ly paper A Batalha need our support so 
that they are able to present a revolution 
ary alternative to the Portuguese workers. 
Please ser ' VIONEY, books and- support to 

Rua Angelina Vidal ,17-2. Esq 
LISBON , Portugal. 

federation hold weekly meetings contact 
the M/cr secretary for details. 

Contact Alison Malet, 
1, Lynnewood place, 
Dundee , 
Angus . 

Kathy Perlo, is compiling an Anarchist 
Song Book. All songs to her at 3 Grange 
House, Highbury Grange, London N5 . With 
music if possible. She already has the IWW 
song book.ta . 


Posters were put up in our classroom and the 
■kids decided to produce a paper giving the 
latest news on the Magnesium. They worked very 
hard on it and wanted everyone else to see it. 
It was pinned up in the school entrance hall. 
I had one foot in the door, the next morning 
when the deputy Head criticized me for a spel- 
ling mistake in the headlines I 

The previous evening the managers were in 
the school , and one of them had read about the 
occupation for the first time in the kids' 
paper-for a local councillor he was very in 
tune with local affairs'. 

Now it's all over, people are saying that it 
will never be the same again in the factory. 
Eveii for the ones that have been there years, 
ariu previously felt them selves "loyal". This 
has been an experience which has given them 
a new insight into their position as workers 
and may be a view of the class struggle as a 
whole. Anyway the kids are looking forward to 
their back-pay in pocket money, and the money 
for the various school outings will be coming 
in with the first wage packet, after the week 
-in-hand, and life goes on'. 

establish a free society which will render 
impossible the growth of a privileged class 
and the exploitation of man by man. The SWF 
therefore advocates common o nership and 
workers' control of the land, industry and all 
means of production and distribution on the 
basis of voluntary co operation. In such a 
society, the wage system, finance and money 
shall be abolished and goods produced and 
distributed not for profit, but according to 
human needs . 

THE STATE: The State in all its forms, embody- 
ing authority and privilege, is the enemy of 
the workers and cannot exist in a free, class- 
less society The SWF does iot therefore hope 
to use the state to achieve a free society, 
it does not seek to obtain seats in the Cabin- 
et or in Parliament. It aims at the abolition 
of the State It actively opposes all war and 
militarism. u 

CLASS STRUGGLE: The interests of the working 
class and those of the ruling class are direc- 
tly opposed. The SWF is based on the inevita- 
ble day-to-day struggle of the workers again- 
st those who own and control the means of 
production and distribution, and will continue 
that struggle until common ownership and work- 
ers control are achieved. 

DIRECT ACTION: Victory in the fight against 
class domination can be achieved only by ' 
direct action and solidarity of the workers 
themselves. The SWF rejects all Parliamentary 
and similar activity as deflecting the workers 
from the class struggle into paths of class 
collaboration. . 

ORGANISATION: To achieve a free, classless 
society the workers must organise. They must 
replace the hundreds of craft and general 
trade unions by syndicalist industrial unions. 
As an immediate step to that end, the SWF aids 
the formation of workers committees in all 
factories, mines, offices, shipyards, mills 
and other places of work and their development 
into syndicates, federated nationally, Such 
syndicates will be under direct rank and file 
control, with all delegates subject to immed- 
iate recall. 

INTERNATIONALISM: The SWF, as a section of the 
International Workers Association, stands firm 
for international working class solidarity. 

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